Treating Ocular Disease

Woman with her head strapped in place gets her eye scanned

Ocular Disease Diagnosis and Treatment

Our first objective is to protect our patients’ vision so that they can take full advantage of all that life has to offer. In order to provide you with an experience that is as stress-free and fruitful as is humanly possible during your visit to our Eye Care Clinic, we have instituted a policy that requires all members of our staff to remain current on the most recent developments in relevant technology and methods. It is becoming increasingly necessary to visit an eye doctor who possesses all of the appropriate optometry certifications and stays current on the most recent advancements in eye care as optometric technology continues to advance.

We detect and manage disorders such as glaucoma, macular degeneration, cataracts, and diabetic retinopathy with higher precision using cutting-edge technology. These ailments include diabetic retinopathy. The earlier and more specific the diagnosis, the sooner therapy may begin, which in turn leads to better outcomes. Our eye specialist at Akers Pearson Eyecare is able to take a proactive approach to conditions that, in the past, had limited treatment options. There have been significant leaps forward in terms of the treatment of various disorders.

After the age of 55, cataracts become a common reason for vision impairment.

Eye disease caused by diabetes

Diabetes and eyesight problems are closely related. If you have diabetes, you should be aware that having this systemic condition puts you at an increased risk for getting visual problems. This is something that you need to be aware of if you have diabetes.

Macular Degeneration

The macula is the part of the retina that is responsible for clear vision in the center of the field of view and is also involved in the processing of the finer details of the image. Macular degeneration is a disease that refers to the process of the macula deteriorating.

Diagnostic Procedures & Treatment for Glaucoma

Because glaucoma is a problem that gradually worsens over time and causes damage to the optic nerve of the eye, catching it in its early stages is always preferable for the individual who is being tested for it.

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Vision Checkups for Children

,other and child both wearing glasses, in a glasses store picking out frames

Vision issues affect around five percent to ten percent of preschoolers and twenty-five percent of school-aged children, according to the estimates of some qualified specialists. The American Optometric Association (AOA) recommends that children should receive an eye exam when they are six months old, again when they are three years old, and once more when they first begin attending school. Children who do not have any preexisting vision issues or risk factors for eye or vision difficulties should then continue to get their eyes examined at least once every year while they are enrolled in school.

Children who already have visual issues or who have risk factors for developing them should have their eyes tested more frequently. The following are some common risk factors for visual problems:

Preterm birth developmental delays

Eyes are either turned away or crossed.

History of eye problems in the family

History of eye injuries in addition to other bodily illnesses or diseases

young giel getting her eyes examined with a glasdses-looking device

The American Optometric Association (AOA) advises that children who wear corrective lenses, such as glasses or contact lenses, have their eyes inspected at least once a year or more frequently if directed to do so by their optometrist.

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Prescription Lenses & Frames

Doctor's ahnd taking a pair of glasses from one of many racks of frames

BDP's Progressive Advancement

This progressive has a progressive that is designed specifically for it. The only difference between each pair of standard progressive lenses is the patient’s individual prescription. If you and your spouse both wear progressive lenses, for instance, you will both essentially have the same progressive design; the only thing that will be different is the prescription for each of your eyes. 

The BDP Advanced progressive is a digital custom progressive design, and the design is not created until the lab receives the frame shape, size, and measurements in addition to your prescription and prescription measurements. This is because the BDP Advanced progressive is a digital custom progressive design. This helps to ensure that the progressive lenses are the greatest fit possible for both you and your prescription when combined with that particular frame.


The lenses made of polycarbonate are both thinner and lighter than those made of glass or plastic. They come with UV protection and scratch resistance already built in. When compared to lenses made of glass or plastic, polycarbonate lenses are significantly more resistant to shattering and have a higher tolerance against chipping and cracking.


Transitions lenses are designed to automatically alter and adapt to shifting light conditions, which helps protect wearers’ eyes from the sun’s potentially damaging ultraviolet rays. These lenses offer complete UV protection; nevertheless, they should not be used in place of sunglasses. Although transition lenses are well-known for their ability to transform into clear lenses when worn indoors and into sunglasses when worn outside, drivers should always have a pair of prescription sunglasses on hand.

Bearded man in dark glasses

Transitions XTRActive

 The functionality of TransitionsXTRActive lenses is fairly comparable to that of normal Transitions lenses. The capacity to create a darker environment behind the windshield of a car is the primary distinction. These lenses are activated by both ultraviolet (UV) and visible violet (VV) radiation. These Transitions lenses will get darker outside due to the increased amount of rays that darken the lenses; they will have a moderate tint when they are inside a vehicle; and they will always have a subtle gray tint on them when they are inside a building to help combat glare from the various artificial lighting sources.

a cityscape as viewed through a pair of glasses held just in front of the camera

Glare-Suppressing and Anti-Reflective Lenses

Glare-free lenses help to remove false reflection, giving the appearance that your glasses are not present even while they are helping to correct your vision. This coating is ideal for use while driving at night, working on a computer, or performing other tasks while working in fluorescent lighting. When you get superior glare-free lenses for your glasses, not only will they be easier to keep clean and more resistant to scratches, but they will also come with a warranty that covers replacement for one full year.

older woman in wireframe bifocals

Bifocal Lenses

You just need one pair of glasses if you have bifocal lenses because they allow you to see clearly both far away and up close. The reading area on these lenses is often shaped like a half moon and is located at the bottom of the lens. These glasses are ideal for someone who not only needs to have their distance vision corrected but also struggles to read. This is also an excellent substitute for the use of reading glasses. Bifocal lenses are designed to be worn continuously throughout the day, which eliminates the need to carry around two separate sets of eyewear.

smiling man in glasses

Trifocal Lenses

You just need one pair of glasses if you use trifocals since they allow you to see clearly at three different distances: far away, close up, and at a computer screen. These lenses are extremely comparable to bifocal lenses, with the distinction that they elevate the computer distance to a position above the reading area.

six pairs of glasses on a background divided into segments of color

Progressive Lenses

In some circles, progressive lenses are sometimes referred to as no-line bifocals or trifocals. The discontinuities (image-jumps) in the glasses that are caused by lined bifocal and trifocal lenses can be avoided with the help of these lenses. These lenses have a tendency to be more visually appealing due to the fact that they resemble the appearance of a pair of glasses designed for single vision. Once an individual has been accustomed to the lens design, progressive lenses provide the most accurate simulation of normal eyesight possible. However, getting used to the lens design might take some time.

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Contact Lenses

What Can You Expect During Your Contact Lens Appointment?

close up of a man putting in a contact lens

When it comes to contact lenses, there is no such thing as a universal size. If your contact lenses do not fit correctly, you may have discomfort, blurred vision, and even permanent damage to your eyes.

Your eye doctor will take certain measurements of your cornea, pupil, and iris so that your contact lenses will properly conform to the particular contours of your eyes. This will guarantee that your lenses are comfortable and effective.

icon of an eyeball and contact lens

Corneal Curvature

A tool known as a keratometer will be used to measure the curvature of your cornea, which is the transparent front covering of your eye, in order to establish the curve that should be used for your contact lenses.

If you suffer from astigmatism, your cornea will have a flatter corneal curve than normal, which might make it challenging for you to wear conventional contact lenses. Instead, your eye doctor may suggest that you get a lens called a toric lens, which is made to fit more securely on an eye that has astigmatism.

In order to obtain more precise measurements of the corneal surface, a corneal topography is occasionally carried out.

icon of an eye

Size of the Iris or the Pupil

Your pupil and iris, which is the colored component of your eye, will be measured with a biomicroscope or slit lamp, or in certain situations, with a ruler or card. This will determine the size of both of these parts of your eye.

If you are thinking about getting gas permeable (GP) contact lenses, this measurement is extremely crucial for you to take.

Dry eyes is one of the most prevalent issues that arise for people who wear contact lenses.

Dry eyes can make wearing contact lenses exceedingly uncomfortable or even impossible in some cases.

Your eye doctor will thus examine your tear film to determine whether or not you are producing a enough amount of tears to ensure that your contact lenses remain moist and comfortable throughout the day.

During this portion of the examination, your eye doctor will place a drop of liquid dye on your eye, examine your tears using a slit lamp, and then either place a special strip of paper underneath your eyelid to determine the amount of moisture that is absorbed, or place a drop of liquid dye on your eye.

If your tear film is weak, your eye doctor may suggest a certain type of contact lens that is specially developed to assist maintain eye moisture and hydration. This lens can be worn by people who already have dry eyes.

What Exactly Is a Trial Pair of Contact Lenses?

After completing all of the necessary measures, your eye doctor may provide you with a sample pair of contact lenses for you to try on. They might put them in your eyes themselves, or they might demonstrate how to do it yourself. Your eye doctor will wait around 20 minutes after inserting the lenses into your eyes to evaluate how well they fit and how well you can see while wearing them. It's possible that it will take you a few different pairs of lenses before you locate the ones that work best for you.

After that, your eye doctor will place an order for your new contact lenses and then provide you with in-depth instructions on how to handle and care for your contacts in order to maintain their cleanliness and ensure that they are safe for your eyes.

When you first start using contact lenses, you could have some anxiety when it comes to putting them in and taking them out of your eyes. You might take comfort in the old adage that “practice makes perfect.” You’ll be an expert in only a few short days’ time.

How Often Should Someone Get Their Contact Lenses Checked?

After you have worn your trial lenses for around a week, your eye doctor will want to examine how well your eyes are responding to the new lenses that you have been prescribed.

Do not wait until your follow-up appointment to get your eyes inspected if you are experiencing any discomfort or dryness in your eyes. An eye exam should be performed as soon as possible. Your eye doctor may decide to try a different type of lens, suggest a different brand of contact lens solution, or alter the timetable at which you should wear your contact lenses.

Orthokeratology (CRT & VST) Orthokeratology, sometimes known as “ortho-k,” is the procedure of reshaping the eye using hard gas permeable contact lenses that have been specifically created for this purpose. The purpose of ortho-k is to treat mild to moderate degrees of nearsightedness and astigmatism by using a technique that flattens the front surface of the eye. This procedure is also known as “ortho-k.”

It is not necessary for certain difficulties, such as astigmatism, presbyopia, keratoconus, or dry eyes, to prevent a person from using contact lenses; nevertheless, these difficulties do demand additional time and perseverance.

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close up of a man's eye with radar grid overlaying it

Here, laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis, more commonly known as LASIK, is the most popular form of corrective eye surgery performed today. As of the beginning of 2019, more than 12.5 million LASIK procedures have been carried out in the United States, and more than 30.5 million have been carried out across the world.

LASIK, which stands for laser assisted in situ keratomileusis, is a type of refractive surgery that can cure myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism. It is also commonly referred to as laser eye surgery or laser vision correction. In LASIK surgery, the cornea of the eye is reshaped with the help of a laser by an ophthalmologist, who does this in order to increase the patient’s visual acuity. The majority of our patients in Mesa choose to get LASIK done because it offers a permanent alternative to wearing spectacles or contact lenses.

Both LASIK and photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) represent breakthroughs over radial keratotomy in the surgical treatment of refractive defects of vision. LASIK is most comparable to photorefractive keratectomy (PRK), which is another surgical correction procedure. The phakic intraocular lens is an alternative treatment option for people with moderate to severe myopia or thin corneas who are unable to undergo the refractive surgery procedures of LASIK and PRK.

The most advanced procedure for correcting vision is known as LASIK. It is short, it is barely uncomfortable, and there is very little to no discomfort following the operation. Recovery of vision is quick; individuals report seeing 20/20 within 24 hours of receiving treatment.

Nearsightedness, farsightedness, and even astigmatism can all be corrected with LASIK. Patients over the age of 40 who use bifocals may be able to minimize or eliminate their requirement for reading glasses by undergoing a procedure known as mono-vision.

Candidates for LASIK surgery should be at least 21 years old, have healthy eyes, and have acceptable corneal thickness.

Because tissue is removed from the cornea during the LASIK surgery in order to reshape the eye, this step is essential.

An individual who suffers from chronic dry eye, corneal disease, or any other anomalies may be ineligible for LASIK surgery. A complete examination of the eyes is necessary for absolute certainty. We are glad to conduct pre-operative exams and consultations for LASIK procedures here in our clinic for the sake of your convenience.

It is important to keep in mind that LASIK is a process that is done only if the patient desires it, therefore appropriate consideration must take into account the patient’s individual needs, potential benefits, and willingness to assume any associated risks. There is no assurance that the results of your LASIK procedure will exactly match your goals and objectives. The end outcome is not always vision that is without flaw. After LASIK, your eyesight may be permanently cloudier than it was with glasses before you had the procedure done. This is possible in some situations. Before electing to undergo LASIK surgery, one needs to take this potential outcome into consideration.

There is unquestionably potential benefit. LASIK, when performed in normal settings and under normal conditions, has the potential to lessen the amount of reliance you have on glasses and almost always offers you the capacity to operate well without the need for glasses or contact lenses.

Lasik Surgery

Details pertaining to the procedure

The LASIK surgery is performed in an outpatient setting and in two stages. You check in at the surgery center, undergo the treatment, and then leave the facility roughly an hour later. The operation on each eye takes approximately 15 minutes to complete.

To begin, the surgeon will use a device known as a laser to cut a hinged flap of tissue from your cornea. This flap will be very thin. This flap will be folded back in preparation for the beginning of the laser reshaping of your eye. Following the laser treatment, which should take no more than a minute to complete, the surgeon will adjust the flap before moving on to the other eye.

computer screen with a photo of an eye on it with assorted markings pertaining to its condition

What Exactly Is Meant by "Wavefront LASIK"?

The ablation process performed by a laser in wavefront LASIK, also known as wavefront-assisted LASIK, wavefront-guided LASIK, and bespoke LASIK, is guided by computerized analysis. Procedures that are guided by wavefronts are significantly more accurate than ablations that are decided by using regular prescriptions for eyeglasses. They are able to fix the minor optical abnormalities of the eye known as “higher-order aberrations,” which standard ablations are unable to treat. Studies have shown that wavefront-guided ablations produce sharper vision than traditional LASIK procedures that do not use wavefront technology. These procedures can also improve night vision by removing or minimizing the danger of glare and halos.

After LASIK Surgery

In the time immediately following your LASIK operation, you will apply medicated eye drops and cover your eyes with transparent protective shields. You can open your eyes and see clearly enough to get around without wearing glasses, but you shouldn’t get behind the wheel of a car just yet.

In order to ward off infection and expedite the healing process, you will be required to apply antibiotic eye drops many times per day for at least a week. You might also try using artificial tears in order to maintain the moisture in your eyes and maintain their comfort.

On the day of your surgery, you need to get as much rest as you can, especially for your eyes. You could find that leaving the lights in the house on a low or dim setting is more comfortable.

The next day, you should have vision that is good enough to allow you to drive and resume your regular activities. Take extra care not to massage your eyes unless you are certain it is okay to do so. If you are presently using Latisse, you should consult with your eye doctor regarding the appropriate amount of time to wait after surgery before resuming your treatment plan.

It is possible that your eye doctor would ask you to return the next day for a follow-up examination of your eyes. They will want to evaluate your vision and make certain that your eyes seem to be recovering as they should be. You will be provided with any additional instructions that are required about eye drops and/or artificial tears, and you will be given the opportunity to ask our eye doctor any questions that you might have.

Your LASIK surgeon may refer you to another eye specialist for postoperative treatment if they feel more comfortable doing so. Co-management is the term that describes this arrangement. In accordance with a co-management agreement that we have with your surgeon, we will be pleased to provide post-operative care for you here in our office. Ask us for further details.

If My Vision Becomes Hazy After Having LASIK...

Although the majority of people report having good vision within a day or two of their LASIK procedure, it may take many months for your eyes to totally stabilize after the procedure. Your eyesight may continue improve in spurts and waves until then, but these changes may be unpredictable. In the event that several months have passed and you notice that your eyesight has not improved, make sure to keep in touch with and see your LASIK surgeon. In order to significantly improve the quality of your vision, a second LASIK procedure, often known as an enhancement, might be recommended.

It may be possible to get by with just using eyeglasses or contact lenses if an improvement is not required. Your vision will be evaluated, and we will go over the many treatment choices that are open to you.

Eyewear Following LASIK Procedure

extreme closeup of an eye

Even though your post-LASIK vision appears to be excellent, you may find that you still need eyeglasses or that you are more comfortable with it.

When you are outside, it is important, and in certain cases quite necessary, to shield your eyes from the sun’s powerful and occasionally damaging rays. Put on sunglasses that block out 100% of the sun’s UV rays. Because of its superior durability and impact resistance, polycarbonate is an ideal material for the lenses of sports sunglasses. Always make sure to wear safety glasses with poly-carbonate lenses whenever you are working with power tools or participating in any other activity that could potentially cause eye damage.

After LASIK, it is highly likely that you will require reading glasses if you are beyond the age of 40 or very close to it. When it comes to nighttime driving, prescription eyeglasses are helpful for many LASIK patients. Even a mild prescription will make your vision sharper, which will increase both your safety and your level of comfort when you are out at night.

In the Wake of LASIK Eye Care

After LASIK, it is important to keep your regular eye exams and remember to schedule them. Even if you have 20/20 vision, you should still get your eyes checked at regular intervals to check for glaucoma and any other problems that could arise. After LASIK, you should schedule routine eye exams to assist ensure that your vision does not change.

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